By Antony G. Flew
This is a brand new, up to date and revised version of a reference paintings that has proved necessary as a device for the coed of philosophy, in addition to a instruction manual for the overall reader. From the classical thinkers via Aquinas, Descartes, Spinoza, Kant, as much as the trendy age of Russell and Wittgenstein, this finished dictionary spans the personalities, terminology, and vocabulary of enormous quantities of philosophers over millions of years.
This moment version of an incredible and helpful paintings has been thoroughly revised, and fifteen new significant articles were extra. Now, greater than ever ahead of, A Dictionary of Philosophy is an important and well timed paintings for the fashionable scholar of thought.
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Additional resources for A Dictionary of Philosophy
Though Averroes regained the royal favour briefly before his death in 1198, his passing marked the end of Islamic Aristotelianism. Yet the translation of his Arabic commentaries in Europe ensured that Averroes' thought would live on and that his brand of Aristotelianism would rise, phoenix-like, in the West within a few years to disturb, perplex, and challenge another orthodoxy. Aristotle (384--322 Be) Greek philos- opher, born in Stagira, the son of the court physician to the king of Macedon. At the age of 17 he entered Plato's Academy in Athens where he remained, first as student, then as teacher, for the next 20 years, until Plato's death.
A 'wff containing no logical 'operator. atomism. The belief that matter consists of atoms. It is usually traced to the Greek philosophers 'Leucippus and 'Democritus (5th century Be). The belief derives its power partly from empirical and partly from metaphysical considerations: scientifically it is attractive to believe that the large-scale properties of objects are the result of, and can be explained as, the arrangements of a set of fundamental constituents; metaphysically it may be appealing to regard all change as the result of the rearrangement of enduring parts, rather than as involving the creation and destruction of matter itself.
Thus ai-Kind! (d. after 866 AD), the father of Islamic philosophy, operated from a basically Aristotelian framework. Even philosophers such as ·al-Farab! (870-950) and • Avicenna (980-1037), who espoused Neoplatonism wholeheartedly, recognized the immense importance of studying Aristotle. Avicenna, who was Islam's greatest Neoplatonist, made repeated attempts at understanding his Metaphysics. After being invited to write a commentary on Aristotle, he 24 produced the magisterial Kitiib alShi/ii' (The Book of Healing (of the Soul)}-the Liber Suf/icientiae of medieval Europe-which dealt with logic, the natural sciences, mathematics, and theology.
A Dictionary of Philosophy by Antony G. Flew