By John Kricher ; illustrated by William E. Davis, Jr
Tropical climates and ecosystems --
Rainforest constitution and variety --
How a rainforest services --
Evolutionary styles within the tropics --
Complexities of coevolution and ecology of fruit --
The neotropical pharmacy --
Living off the land within the tropics --
Rivers via rainforest --
Introduction to the Andes and Tepuis --
Savannas and dry forests --
Coastal ecosystems : mangroves, seagrass, and coral reefs --
Neotropical birds --
Deforestation and conservation of biodiversity --
Appendix. "And whats up, let's be cautious out there."
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Additional info for A neotropical companion : an introduction to the animals, plants, and ecosystems of the New World tropics
It represents the continuously compounded interest-rate factor. To compute this factor for an interest rate of 6% over a term of 1 year, set r to 6% and n to 1, giving: ern ¼ e0:06Â1 ¼ ð2:718 281Þ0:06 ¼ 1:061 837 The convention in both wholesale and personal, or retail, markets is to quote an annual interest rate, whatever the term of the investment, whether it be overnight or 10 years. Lenders wishing to earn interest at the rate quoted have to place their funds on deposit for 1 year. 75% of your deposit.
89, a coupon of 6% and 5 years to maturity. 3 shows the gross redemption yields this bond would have under the different yield-calculation conventions. 3 Gross redemption yields. 605 These figures demonstrate the impact that the coupon-payment and discounting frequencies have on a bond’s redemption yield calculation. Specifically, increasing the frequency of discounting lowers the calculated yield, while increasing the frequency of payments raises it. When comparing yields for bonds that trade in markets 28 AN INTRODUCTION TO BOND MARKETS with different conventions, it is important to convert all the yields to the same calculation basis.
20): P¼ N X Cn M nþ ð1 þ rÞ ð1 þ rÞn n¼1 ð1:20Þ 24 AN INTRODUCTION TO BOND MARKETS Other types of yield measure, however, are used in the market for different purposes. The simplest is the current yield, also known as the flat, interest or running yield. 21): rc ¼ where C Â 100 P ð1:21Þ rc ¼ Current yield. In this equation the percentage for C is not expressed as a decimal. Current yield ignores any capital gain or loss that might arise from holding and trading a bond and does not consider the time value of money.
A neotropical companion : an introduction to the animals, plants, and ecosystems of the New World tropics by John Kricher ; illustrated by William E. Davis, Jr