By Jonathan W. White
Within the spring of 1861, Union army gurus arrested Maryland farmer John Merryman on fees of treason opposed to the us for burning railroad bridges round Baltimore for you to hinder northern squaddies from achieving the capital. From his legal mobilephone at citadel McHenry, Merryman petitioned leader Justice of the ultimate court docket Roger B. Taney for unencumber via a writ of habeas corpus. Taney issued the writ, yet President Abraham Lincoln overlooked it. In mid-July Merryman used to be published, in simple terms to be indicted for treason in a Baltimore federal court docket. His case, notwithstanding, by no means went to trial and federal prosecutors eventually pushed aside it in 1867.In Abraham Lincoln and Treason within the Civil struggle, Jonathan White unearths how the arrest and prosecution of this little-known Baltimore farmer had a long-lasting influence at the Lincoln management and Congress as they struggled to strengthen guidelines to house either northern traitors and southern rebels. His paintings sheds major new gentle on numerous perennially arguable felony and constitutional matters in American heritage, together with the character and quantity of presidential battle powers, the improvement of nationwide regulations for facing disloyalty and treason, and the security of civil liberties in wartime.
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Within the spring of 1861, Union army gurus arrested Maryland farmer John Merryman on fees of treason opposed to the U.S. for burning railroad bridges round Baltimore with a purpose to hinder northern infantrymen from achieving the capital. From his legal mobilephone at citadel McHenry, Merryman petitioned leader Justice of the preferrred court docket Roger B.
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Additional resources for Abraham Lincoln and Treason in the Civil War: The Trials of John Merryman (Conflicting Worlds: New Dimensions of the American Civil War)
Burning railroad bridges seemed the most efficient way. ” Some members of the meeting claimed that Governor Hicks verbally authorized the burning of bridges. ” But Hicks later denied giving explicit consent. One Maryland journalist reported that Hicks “sought refuge in Mayor Brown’s residence and passed the night there. Fearing an attack on the city it was determined by the Police Commissioners to cut off communication with the city by the destruction of the rail road bridges. Marshal Kane went to Brown’s to consult him & they determined to get the assent of Hicks.
His actions apparently affected the troops encamped outside of his home. One soldier from the First Pennsylvania Regiment later recalled: “During the night at Cockeysville we had a number of alarms. The Baltimoreans came near our camp by [the] thousands, and all kinds of wild rumors were being circulated through camp. ” Fear quickly spread among the green recruits. ’ The Baltimore Riot and Lincoln’s Habeas Corpus Policy | 21 I grabbed him and held him up between myself and the supposed enemy; and made a kind of shield of him for self-protection; berated him for his cowardice.
Another witness saw Jones “run . . ”10 Eventually about six hundred Massachusetts men reached Camden Station and boarded a train to Washington. The role of the police in the riot has been a matter of some dispute. Baltimore mayor George William Brown claimed that he and Police Marshal George P. Kane did their best to escort the men safely to Camden Station. 11 Other witnesses described the scene 14 | Abraham Lincoln and Treason in the Civil War as more of a police riot. “The police acted in such a way that I told some of them they were heading the mob,” testified John Ehrman to a federal grand jury.
Abraham Lincoln and Treason in the Civil War: The Trials of John Merryman (Conflicting Worlds: New Dimensions of the American Civil War) by Jonathan W. White