New PDF release: Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recommendations for Furthering

By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on Population, Panel on Policy Research and Data Needs to Meet the Challenge of Aging in Africa, Jane Menken, Barney Cohen

ISBN-10: 0309102812

ISBN-13: 9780309102810

In line with a workshop geared up by way of the Committee on inhabitants in collaboration with the healthiness and inhabitants department, college of Public health and wellbeing, Univ. of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, in July, c2004. provides to wisdom of the location of older humans in sub-Saharan Africa, and indicates extra study during this sector. For researchers. Softcover.

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Extra resources for Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recommendations for Furthering Research

Example text

Assessing an individual’s health in the field can be difficult and add considerable expense to any survey, particularly if it involves the use of trained medical professionals. There may also be thorny ethical issues to overcome if blood or any other biological measures are to be collected, analyzed, and stored. Because they tend to be easy and inexpensive to collect and because they have been found in numerous contexts to be quite useful predictors of future mortality, self-reported responses to questions about health status tend to be the RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHERING RESEARCH 25 mainstay of health status measurement in social surveys in other parts of the world.

Finally, a few countries have universal social security programs. Botswana, for example, has a universal flat-rate pension scheme for all residents over the age of 65. South Africa has a means-tested benefit for women age 60 and over and men age 65 and over, and Mauritius offers a basic 34 AGING IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA pension to all residents age 60 or older with supplemented earnings-related benefits (Bailey, 2004). The South African pension scheme was introduced in 1928 as a measure to provide for the poorest retired white workers.

The authors have found that the fiscal cost of providing a universal noncontributory social pension to all of older people in sub-Saharan Africa would be quite high, around 2 to 3 percent of gross domestic product, a level comparable to—or even higher than—the current levels of public spending on health care in some subSaharan African nations. The authors argue that the case for universal social pensions also appears to be weak on welfare grounds, inasmuch as there are other groups competing for scarce safety net resources (such as families with many children) whose incidence and prevalence of poverty is much higher than that of older people.

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Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recommendations for Furthering Research by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on Population, Panel on Policy Research and Data Needs to Meet the Challenge of Aging in Africa, Jane Menken, Barney Cohen

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